Defining Privacy
A critical investigation of Canadian political discourse

Works Cited

  1. Bill C-13 Protecting Canadians from Online Crime Act. (2014). Retrieved from http://canlii.ca/t/52m4g
  2. Bill S-4 Digital Privacy Act. (2015). Retrieved from http://canlii.ca/t/52m26
  3. Criminal Code. (1985). Retrieved from http://canlii.ca/t/7vf2
  4. Eastmond v. Canadian Pacific Railway, 2004 FC 852. Retrieved from http://canlii.ca/t/1hclc
  5. Guide to Making Federal Acts and Regulations. (2001) (2nd ed.). Ottawa: Privy Council Office. Retrieved from http://login.ezproxy.library.ualberta.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cat03710a&AN=alb.2620446&site=eds-live&scope=site
  6. House of Commons Debates, 41st Parl, 1st Sess. (2012).
  7. House of Commons Debates, 41st Parl, 2nd Sess. (2014).
  8. Lavigne v. Canada (Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages). Retrieved from http://scc-csc.lexum.com/decisia-scc-csc/scc-csc/scc-csc/en/item/12615/index.do
  9. Office of the Privacy Commissioner of CanadaLeading by Example: Key Developments in the First Seven Years of the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA). (2008). Ottawa, Ont.
  10. R. v. Spencer. (2014). Retrieved from https://scc-csc.lexum.com/scc-csc/scc-csc/en/item/14233/index.do
  11. Universal Declaration of Human Rights : 60th Anniversary Special Edition, 1948-2008. (2007). New York: United Nations Dept. of Public Information. Retrieved from http://login.ezproxy.library.ualberta.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=348779&site=eds-live&scope=site
  12. OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data. (2002). Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved from http://login.ezproxy.library.ualberta.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cat03710a&AN=alb.6772138&site=eds-live&scope=site
  13. Adolphs, S. (2006). Introducing Electronic Text Analysis: A Practical Guide for Language and Literary Studies. London: Routledge. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203087701
  14. Austin, L. M. (2015). Lawful Illegality: What Snowden Has Taught Us About the Legal Infrastructure of the Surveillance State. In M. Geist (Ed.), Law, Privacy, And Surveillance In Canada In The Post-Snowden Era. Ottawa, Ontario: University of Ottawa Press. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2524653
  15. Bailey, J. (2008). Framed by Section 8: Constitutional Protection of Privacy in Canada. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, (3). https://doi.org/10.3138/cjccj.50.3.279
  16. Baker, P. (2006). Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis. London; New York: Continuum.
  17. Bayley, P. (2004). Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Parliamentary Discourse. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins Pub. Co. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.10
  18. Bird, S., Klein, E., & Loper, E. (2009). Natural Language Processing with Python. O’Reilly Media. Retrieved from http://www.nltk.org/book/
  19. Burrows, J. (2004). Textual Analysis. In S. Schrelbman, R. Siemens, & J. Unsworth (Eds.), A Companion to Digital Humanities. Oxford: Blackwell. Retrieved from http://www.digitalhumanities.org/companion/
  20. Danielsson, P. (2003). Automatic Extraction of Meaningful Units From Corpora: A Corpus-Driven Approach Using the Word Stroke. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 8(1), 109–127. https://doi.org/10.1075/ijcl.8.1.06dan
  21. Dijk, T. A. van. (2003). Critical Discourse Analysis. In D. Schiffrin, D. Tannen, & H. E. Hamilton (Eds.), The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell.
  22. Dijk, T. A. van. (1997). What is Political Discourse Analysis? Belgian Journal of Linguistics, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1075/bjl.11.03dij
  23. Fairclough, N. (2015). Language and Power. Milton Park, Adingdon, Oxon ; New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
  24. Fairclough, N. (2001). The Discourse of New Labour: Critical Discourse Analysis. In M. Wetherell, S. Taylor, & S. J. Yates (Eds.), Discourse as Data : A Guide for Analysis. London; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE.
  25. Fairclough, N., & Fairclough, I. (2012). Political Discourse Analysis. New York: Routledge.
  26. Finestone, S. (1997). Privacy, Where Do We Draw the Line? : Report of the House of Commons Standing Committee on Human Rights and the Status of Persons with Disabilities. Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services Canada-Publishing.
  27. Floridi, L. (2008). A Defence of Informational Structural Realism. Synthese: An International Journal for Epistemology, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, 161(2), 219–253. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-007-9163-z
  28. Floridi, L. (2008). Foundations of Information Ethics. In K. E. Himma & H. T. Tavani (Eds.), The Handbook of Information and Computer Ethics. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470281819.ch1
  29. Floridi, L. (2010). Information A Very Short Introduction. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.
  30. Floridi, L. (1999). The Digital Revolution. In Philosophy and Computing : An Introduction. New York: Routledge.
  31. Frawley, W. J., Piatetsky-Shapiro, G., & Matheus, C. J. (1992). Knowledge Discovery in Databases: An Overview. AI Magazine, (3), 57. Retrieved from http://www.aaai.org/ojs/index.php/aimagazine/article/view/1011
  32. Gramsci, A. (1971). Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. (Q. Hoare & G. Nowell-Smith, Trans.). New York: International Publishers.
  33. Gratton, E. (2015). New Requirements Of The Digital Privacy Act (Bill S-4). Mondaq Business Briefing. Retrieved from http://www.mondaq.com/canada/x/406256/Data+Protection+Privacy/ New+Requirements+Of+The+Digital+Privacy+Act+Bill+S4
  34. Gries, S. T. (2010). Useful Statistics for Corpus Linguistics. In A. Sànchez & M. Almela (Eds.), A Mosaic of Corpus Linguistics: Selected Approaches (pp. 269–291). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
  35. Hajič, J. (2004). Linguistics Meets Exact Sciences. In S. Schrelbman, R. Siemens, & J. Unsworth (Eds.), A Companion to Digital Humanities. Oxford: Blackwell. Retrieved from http://www.digitalhumanities.org/companion/
  36. Harris, S. (2001). Being Politically Impolite: Extending Politeness Theory to Adversarial Political Discourse. Discourse & Society, 12(4), 451–472. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926501012004003
  37. Hennessey, K. (2011). Response to Request for General Information from Canadian Wireless Telecommunications Association (the “CWTA”) Members. Retrieved from https://www.scribd.com/document/221023222/Telecom-Disclosures
  38. Hockey, S. (2004). The History of Humanities Computing. In S. Schrelbman, R. Siemens, & J. Unsworth (Eds.), A Companion to Digital Humanities. Oxford: Blackwell. Retrieved from http://www.digitalhumanities.org/companion/
  39. House of Commons. Standing Committee on Access to Information, P. and E. (2008). Proposed Immediate Changes to the Privacy Act. 39th Parl. 2nd Sess.
  40. Howard-Hill, T. H. (1979). Literary Concordances : A Guide to the Preparation of Manual and Computer Concordances. London ; New York: Pergamon.
  41. Hunston, S. (2002). Corpora in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  42. Hunston, S. (2007). Semantic Prosody Revisited. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 12(2), 249–268. https://doi.org/10.1075/ijcl.12.2.09hun
  43. Kuhn, T. S. (1996). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  44. Mautner, G. (2009). Checks and Balances: How Corpus Linguistics can Contribute to CDA. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (pp. 122–142). Los Angeles ; London: SAGE.
  45. McEnery, T., & Hardie, A. (2012). Corpus Linguistics : Method, Theory and Practice. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press.
  46. McEnery, T., Xiao, R., & Tono, Y. (2006). Corpus-Based Language Studies : An Advanced Resource Book. London ; New York: Routledge.
  47. McIsaac, B., Shields, R., & Klein, K. (2000). The Law of Privacy in Canada. Toronto: Thomson Reuters.
  48. McKee, A. (2003). Textual Analysis : A Beginner’s Guide. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.
  49. McKenzie, D. F. (1999). Bibliography and the Sociology of Texts. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  50. Mill, J. S. (2010). On Liberty. London: Penguin.
  51. Mollin, S. (2007). The Hansard Hazard: Gauging the Accuracy of British Parliamentary Transcripts. Corpora, 2(2), 187–210. https://doi.org/10.3366/cor.2007.2.2.187
  52. Moretti, F. (2000). Conjectures on World Literature. New Left Review, (1), 54–68.
  53. O’Brien, A., & Bosc, M. (2009). House of Commons Procedure and Practice. Ottawa ; Montréal: House of Commons ; Éditions Yvon Blais. Retrieved from www.parl.gc.ca/procedure-book-livre/
  54. Robertson, J. R. (2005). Television and the House of Commons. Library of Parliament Parliamentary Information and Research Service, BP-242E, 1–19. Retrieved from http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/LOP/researchpublications/bp242-e.htm
  55. Schabas, W. A. (1997). Canada and the Adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. McGill Law Journal, (2), 403. Retrieved from http://www.lawjournal.mcgill.ca/userfiles/other/5890478-43.Schabas.pdf
  56. Shannon, C. E., Sloane, N. J. A., & Wyner, A. D. (1993). Claude Elwood Shannon: Collected Papers. New York ; Hoboken, N.J.: IEEE Press ; Wiley-Interscience.
  57. Simpson, R. (2002). Process for the Determination of ‘Substantially Similar’ Provincial Legislation by the Governor in Council.” Canada Gazette, Part I, 136(31), 2371–2418.
  58. Sinclair, J. (1991). Corpus, Concordance, Collocation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  59. Sinclair, J. (2003). Reading Concordances : An Introduction. London; New York: Pearson/Longman.
  60. Sinclair, J. (2004). Trust the Text : Language, Corpus and Discourse. (R. Carter, Ed.). London; New York: Routledge.
  61. Slane, A., & Austin, L. M. (2011). What’s in a Name - Privacy and Citizenship in the Voluntary Disclosure of Subscriber Information in Online Child Exploitation Investigations. Criminal Law Quarterly, (4), 486.
  62. Slembrouck, S. (1992). The Parliamentary Hansard ‘Verbatim’ Report: the Written Construction of Spoken Discourse. Language & Literature, 1(2), 101. https://doi.org/10.1177/096394709200100202
  63. Solove, D. J. (2007). "I’ve Got Nothing to Hide" and Other Misunderstandings of Privacy. San Diego Law Review, (4).
  64. Sopinka, J. (1994). Freedom of Speech and Privacy in the Information Age. Keynote Address, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON. Retrieved from http://www.efc.ca/pages/doc/sopinka.txt
  65. Stefanick, L. (2011). Controlling Knowledge : Freedom of Information and Privacy Protection in a Networked World. Edmonton: AU Press, (Saint-Lazare, Quebec : Canadian Electronic Library).
  66. Stoddart, J. (2004). An Overview of Canada’s New Private Sector Privacy Law–The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act. Online Address. Retrieved from https://www.priv.gc.ca/en/opc-news/speeches/2004/sp-d_040331/
  67. Stubbs, M. (2007). On Texts, Corpora and Models of Lanugage. In M. Hoey (Ed.), Text, Discourse and Corpora : Theory and Analysis. London: Continuum.
  68. Stubbs, M. (1996). Text and Corpus Analysis : Computer-Assisted Studies of Language and Culture. Oxford, UK ; Cambridge, Mass., USA: Blackwell Publishers.
  69. Stubbs, M. (2001). Words and Phrases : Corpus Studies of Lexical Semantics. Oxford ; Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishers.
  70. Sullivan, R. (2014). Sullivan on the Construction of Statutes. Markham, Ontario: LexisNexis Canada Inc.
  71. Taylor, S. (2001). Locating and Conducting Discourse Analytic Research. In M. Wetherell, S. Taylor, & S. J. Yates (Eds.), Discourse as Data : A Guide for Analysis. London; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE.
  72. Teubert, W. (2005). My Version of Corpus Linguistics. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 10(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1075/ijcl.10.1.01teu
  73. Thacker, B. (1987). Open and Shut : Enhancing the Right to Know and the Right to Privacy : Report of the Standing Committee on Justice and Solicitor General on the Review of the Access to Information Act and the Privacy Act. Ottawa: Queen’s Printer for Canada.
  74. Therrien, D. (2016). Letter to the Standing Committee on Access to Information, Privacy and Ethics. Retrieved from https://www.priv.gc.ca/en/opc-actions-and-decisions/advice-to-parliament/2016/parl_sub_160322/
  75. Tognini-Bonelli, E. (2001). Corpus Linguistics at Work. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.
  76. Vedder, A. (1999). KDD: The Challenge to Individualism. Ethics and Information Technology, 1(4), 275–281. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010016102284
  77. Warren, S. D., & Brandeis, L. D. (1890). The Right to Privacy. Harvard Law Review, 4(5), 193–220.
  78. Wermter, J., & Hahn, U. (2006). You Can’t Beat Frequency (Unless You Use Linguistic Knowledge) - A Qualitative Evaluation of Association Measures for Collocation and Term Extraction. Annual Meeting- Association for Computational Linguistics, CONF 44, 785–792. https://doi.org/10.3115/1220175.1220274
  79. Westin, A. F. (1967). Privacy and Freedom. New York: Atheneum.
  80. Yates, S. J. (2001). Researching Internet Interaction: Sociolinguistics and Corpus Analysis. In M. Wetherell, S. Taylor, & S. J. Yates (Eds.), Discourse as Data : A Guide for Analysis. London; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE.
  81. Department of Communications, & Department of Justice. (1972). Privacy and Computers: A Report of a Task Force Established Jointly by Dept. of Communications Dept. of Justice. Ottawa: Information Canada.
  82. Library of Parliament. Fixed-date Elections in Canada. ParlInfo. Retrieved from http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/ParlInfo/compilations/provinceterritory/provincialfixedelections.aspx
  83. Library of Parliament. Parliaments. ParlInfo. Retrieved from http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/ParlInfo/Lists/Parliament.aspx
  84. Library of Parliament. (2006). Party Discipline and Free Votes. Topical Information for Parliamentarians, (TIPS-81E), 1–3. Retrieved from http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/ParlInfo/Lists/Parliament.aspx
  85. Office of the Privacy Commisioner of Canada. (2008). Proposed Immediate Changes to the Privacy Act: Appearance before the Standing Committee on Access to Information, Privacy and Ethics. Retrieved from https://www.priv.gc.ca/media/1301/parl_080429_01_e.pdf
  86. Office of the Privacy Commisioner of Canada. (2009). Your Guide to PIPEDA The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act. Retrieved from http://www.priv.gc.ca/information/02_05_d_08_e.pdf
  87. Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada. (2014). Submission: Bill S-4, An Act to Amend the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act and to Make a Consequential Amendment to Another Act. Retrieved from https://www.priv.gc.ca/parl/2014/parl_sub_140604_sen_e.asp
  88. Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada. (2013). The Case for Reforming the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act. Ottawa, Ontario: Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada.
  89. Parliament of Canada. (2015). Business of Supply. In Compendium of Procedure. Retrieved from http://www.parl.gc.ca/About/House/compendium/web-content/c_d_businesssupply-e.htm
  90. Parliament of Canada. (2013). Debates (Hansard). In Compendium of Procedure. Retrieved from http://www.parl.gc.ca/About/House/compendium/web-content/c_d_debateshansard-e.htm
  91. United Nations General Assembly. (1966). International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (p. 171).